The Coptic Alphabet

 
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The present 32 letters of the Coptic Alphabet are derived from two sources; The first 25 letters are modified from the Greek alphabet (table 1); it should be remembered that the origin of these Greek letters can be traced back to the old Egyptian letters. Whereas the last 7 letters are a modification from Demotic letters (table 2).

 

Letter Name Pronunciation
Shape Letter Pronunciation Example
A a Alpha

A

father or fan
B b Veeta B In beginning of the word
V In the middle or the end of the word
boy
Victor
G g Ghamma

G
Gh
NG if there are two consecutive G

Gone
England
D d Delta

TH
D in names

then
David
E e Ei

E

pen, or as rain
^ ^ Soo Only used as the numeral 6 sow
Z z Zeeta Z zebra
Y y Eeta EE meet
: ; Theeta Th
T
think
I i Iota I
Y
imagine
yet
K k Kappa K cook
L l Lamda L look
M m Mei M mother
N n Nei N Nancy
X x Eksee X box
O o O O (short) not
P p Pee P Peter
R r Ro R room
C c Seema S see
T t Tav T
D if preceded by the letter N
take
U u Epsilon V if follows an A or E
U if follows the letter O
Y in all other cases
Van
Loop
Hymn
V v Fei Ffan
< , Kai K
Sh
Kh

kin
shawl
Arabic خ (kh)

" ' Epsee PS (both are pronounced)
W w O O (Long) throw
S s Shai Sh shake
F f Fai F fan
Q q Khai Kh Arabic خ (kh)
H h Horee H house
{ [ Cheema Ch church
} ] Tee Tee tee
J j Janja G
J
go
joy
` Jinkim Splits word in syllables if over a vowel
E if followed by a consonant